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HIST 204 Judaism, Christianity, Islam

The following course guide will help you with your research paper on the relationship between Judaism and Islam or the relationship between Christianity and Islam in the middle ages.

Relationship is a broad term. You may want to consider what that means in the context of your course - political, cultural, intellectual? 

You may also find it useful to use the term medieval as well as middle ages when searching for sources.

The following are subject headings which may be useful when searching in the library catalogue.

  • Church history middle ages 600-1500
  • Islam relations Christianity history to 1500
  • Islam relations Christianity
  • Christianity and other religions Islam
  • Islam relations Judaism history to 1500
  • Judaism relations Islam


Secondary Sources

One of the best databases for your topic and time period is JSTOR.  Cambridge Histories Online is another great source, see: New Cambridge Medieval History, Cambridge Companions to Philosophy and Religion, Cambridge History of Judaism, Cambridge History of Islam (volume 1 and 4), New Cambridge History of Islam and Cambridge History of Christianity (volume 3). You will find these resources and many others under the Articles tab on this course guide.

Mathal: Journal of Islamic and Middle Eastern Multidisciplinary Studies is a peer-reviewed open access journal from the University of Iowa.

Primary Sources

To locate primary source materials in the library catalogue add sourcesdocuments, diaries, or personal narratives or correspondence to other relevant search terms.

Many libraries and archives have digitized their primary document collections. You can find primary documents on the Web using a search engine like Google to find primary document collections. 

Use the term "primary documents" or "primary sources" with your search terms. For example, "primary documents" medieval Islam.

Remember to critically evaluate all of your primary documents before you use them for your history paper.

From Fordham University try:

Internet Medieval Sourcebook

Internet Jewish History Sourcebook

Internet Islamic History Sourcebook

Baylor University/JM Dawson Institute of Church-State Studies also has a useful list of primary sources.

From your course outline:

The Bible - from BibleGateway, a member of HarperCollins Christian publishing

The Qur'an

Citing Secondary and Primary Sources

On this course guide, under Cite you will find information on how to cite your sources using the Chicago Manual of Style. The 17th edition of the style guide has new information about citing eBooks and eJournals found in a library database.  Make you are using the Notes-Bibliography format.

Secondary Sources

For online books (eBook) found in a library database include the standard citation information for a book and a DOI or the name of the database at the end of your citation.

NOTE: The names of the three most popular online or eBook databases in history in our library are: ProQuest Ebook Central, eBook Collection (EBSCOhost) and ACLS Humanities E-Book (which provides a citable link instead of a DOI).

For online journal articles (eJournals) found in a library database include the standard citation information for a journal article and a DOI or stable URL or Name of Database.

Primary Sources

Primary sources can be difficult to cite! If the primary source you are citing doesn't fit the following format, ask for help!

For primary sources you find online include:

  • Author/creator of the original content, first name, last name (if known)
  • Title of the document
  • Date of the document
  • Title of the website *
  • URL *
  • Date of access

NOTE: *If the primary source is from a library database use the name of the database, or a DOI instead of the title of the website and omit the URL.

To cite a primary source found in a published collection of primary sources. Include the following:

  • Author/creator of the original content, first name, last name (if known)
  • Title of the primary document
  • Original date of the document (if known)
  • Title of the book in which the primary source is found
  • Editor(s) of the book
  • City of publication of the book
  • Name of publisher of the book
  • Year of publication of the book

IF the book is online see what to include for secondary sources (eBooks).

This work is subject to a Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial 4.0 International license. For exceptions, see the Library Copyright Statement.