Lunny, A. M. (2017). Debating hate crime: Language, legislatures, and the law in Canada. UBC Press.
With a digital object identifier (DOI):
Ross, L. R. (2016). Interrogating motherhood. Athabasca University Press. https://doi.org/10.15215/aupress/9781771991438.01
Without a DOI - from a library database:
Chi-ang, L. B., & Zheng, S. (2017). Environmental economics and sustainability. Wiley-Blackwell.
Without a DOI - free online:
Little, W. (2016). Introduction to sociology (2nd Canadian ed.). https://opentextbc.ca/introductiontosociology2ndedition
Daniels, J., Gregory, K., & Cottom, T. M. (Eds.). (2017). Digital sociologies. Policy Press.
*Include the chapter authors and title before listing the editors and book title in your reference entry.
Tveit, A. D. (2017). Parental involvement in school: Applying Habermas’ theoretical framework. In M. Murphy (Ed.), Habermas and social research: Between theory and method (pp. 109-121). Routledge.
Powell, R. A., Honey, P. L., & Symbaluk, D. G. (2016). Introduction to learning and behaviour (5th ed.). Cengage Learning.
Chapter in an edition of a book:
* in brackets, include the edition number followed by the page range.
Wadeson, H. (2001). An eclectic approach to art therapy. In J. A. Rubin (Ed.), Approaches to art therapy: Theory and technique (2nd ed., pp. 306-318). Brunner-Routledge.
Smith, C., & Sansom, K. (2014). How to prepare for the GED test (Canadian ed.). Barrons Educational Series.
*In this example, separate Canadian editors and authors contributed to an adaptation of the original American text. Canadian editors are listed first in this case, followed by US editors as noted in parentheses.
Barton, S. S. & Foster-Boucher, C. (2019). Indigenous health. In B. J. Astle & W. Duggleby (Eds.) & A. Potter, A. G. Perry, P. Stockert, & A Hall (US 9th ed. Eds.), Canadian fundamentals of nursing (6th ed., pp. 133-156). Elsevier.
*Include the original publication year in-text and at the end of the reference, and credit the translator, as shown.
Fortunati, L. (1995). The arcane reproduction of housework, prostitution, labour and capital (H. Creek, Trans.). Automedia. (Original work published 1981)
*Include "n.d." for "no date" rather than a date of publication and a retrieval date as shown if information provided by the source changes over time and the source does not provide stable URLs or permanent links to previous versions:
Merriam-Webster. (n.d.). Anti-racist. In Merriam-Webster.com dictionary. Retrieved June 2, 2020, from https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/anti-racist
Physical copy or from a library database:
Wexler, B. (2006). Myocardial infarction. In The Gale encyclopedia of nursing and allied health (Vol. 3, pp. 1646-1652). Gale.
Entry with no author:
Poverty. (2002). In K. Rooney et al. (Eds.), World English dictionary (8th ed., p. 535). St. Martin's Press.
*Note the following:
Maxwell, J.C. (2019). Leadershift: The 11 essential changes every leader must embrace (J. Maxwell, R. Hollis, & T. Shelton, Narr.) [Audiobook]. Brilliance Audio.
Pei, M. (2003). Necessary disclosure [Artist book]. Women's Studio Workshop.
*If author and publisher are the same, omit the publisher to avoid duplication.
McCartney, S. (2008). Incantation [Artist book].