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ASA Citation Guide (6th Ed.)






Physical copy:

In-text: (Lunny 2017:34).
Reference entry:

Lunny, Allyson M. 2017. Debating Hate Crime: Language, Legislatures, and the Law in Canada. Vancouver, BC: UBC Press.




With a digital object identifier (DOI):

In-text: (Ross 2016:11). 
Reference entry:

Ross, Lynda R. 2016. Interrogating Motherhood. Edmonton, AB: Athabasca University Press.


Without a DOI - from a database

In-text: (Chi-ang and Zheng 2017:65).
Reference entry:

Chi-ang Lin, Brian, and Siqi Zheng. 2017. Environmental Economics and Sustainability. Chichester, UK: Wiley Blackwell.


Without a DOI - free online:

In-text: (Little 2016:482). 
Reference entry:

Little, William. 2016. Introduction to Sociology. 2nd Canadian ed. Victoria, BC: BCcampus.


Edited Books


In-text: (Daniels, Gregory, and Cottom 2017:45)   
Reference entry:

Daniels, Jesse, Karen Gregory, and Tressie McMillan Cottom, eds. 2017. Digital Sociologies. Bristol, UK: Policy Press. 


Chapters in Edited Books


In-text: (Tveit 2017:115).

Reference entry:

Tveit, Anne D. 2017. "Parental Involvement in School: Applying Habermas’ Theoretical Framework." Pp. 109-21 in Habermas and Social Research: Between Theory and Method, edited by M. Murphy. New York: Routledge. 



Editions of Books (e.g., Textbooks) 


In-text: (Powell, Honey and Symbaluk 2016:130).
Reference entry:

Powell, Russell. A., P. Lynne Honey,  and Diane G. Symbaluk. 2016. Introduction to Learning and Behaviour. 5th ed. Boston, MA: Cengage Learning.


Chapter in an edition of a book:

In-text: (Wadeson 2001:310).
Reference entry:

Wadeson, Harriet. 2001. "An Eclectic Approach to Art Therapy." Pp. 306-318 in Approaches to Art Therapy: Theory and Technique, edited by J. A. Rubin. 2nd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Brunner-Routledge.


Canadian edition:

In-text: (Smith and Sansom 2014:12).
Reference entry:

Smith, Christopher, and Karen Sansom. 2014. How to Prepare for the GED Test. Canadian ed. New York: Barrons Educational Series. 


Translated Books


Translated Book:

*This example includes the year the work was originally published in square brackets.

In-text: (Fortunati [1981] 1995:62).
Reference entry:

Fortunati, Leopoldina. [1981] 1995. The Arcane Reproduction of Housework, Prostitution, Labour and Capital. Translated by Hilary Creek. New York: Automedia.

Encyclopedia & Dictionary Entries

*Well-known encyclopedias and dictionaries (e.g., Merriam-Webster) are normally cited with a note in the text and do not need an accompanying reference list entry.

Online entry:

In-text: (Kendig 2010).
Reference entry:

Kendig, Sarah M. 2010. "Adolescent Sexual Health." Blackwell Encyclopedia of Sociology, edited by G. Ritzer and J. M. Ryan. Malden, MA: Blackwell.


Physical copy:

In-text: (Rogers and Pemberton 2005:273).
Reference entry:

Rogers, Mary F., and Jennifer Pemberton. 2005. "Feminist Epistemology." Pp. 271-275 in Encyclopedia of Social Theory, edited by G. Ritzer. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.


Artists' Books


Formally published:

In-text: (Pei 2003:3).
Reference entry:

Peters, Sarah. 2003. Necessary Disclosure. Rosendale, NY: Women's Studio Workshop.


*If self-published, use n.p. for no publisher.

In-text: (Ayotte, 2020:7).
Reference entry:

Ayotte, Zachary. 2008. I With You Were Here. Edmonton, AB: n.p.

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