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CLAS 102 Greek & Roman Mythology

Primary sources in Classics are the literary works (poems and plays for example, histories, documents (private and public), and artifacts (pottery, coins and sculptures, for example) created by the ancient Greeks and Romans.

Encyclopedias and More

Valuable background information on your topic may be found in the following dictionaries and encylopedias.

Encyclopedia Mythica

Finding Primary Sources

The following sources may prove useful for finding primary sources

Theoi Greek Mythology (Galleries) - includes reference material on the gods, spirits and heores of Greek myth, as well as translations of key literary works. More than 1,200 images of ancient Greek and Roman art.

 Ancient World Image Bank -  from New York University's Institute for the Study of the Ancient World 

Evalute Your Sources

The internet is full of information and source material, but it is not all of the same quality. Therefore, you need to carefully choose which material you use for this assignment to ensure that you are using the best sources and images.

Some helpful questions to ask about your online images are:

  • Who produced it? 
  • Was the photograph taken by a professional photographer? An academic? A tourist? An artist? 
  • When was the photograph taken?
  • Why was the photograph taken?
  • Is it a good quality image?
  • Does the image speak directly to your topic, or does it just look nice?

 The following website offer some additional information on evaluating your sources: 

 Layfayette College Library

Cite Your Sources

For this assingment you may cite your sources using either the Chicago Manual of Style or MLA. If you cannot find a exact sample of your source (e.g., a photograph taken by a private photographer and used on a Museum website), you may have to combine samples.

 Image citations should include, when available, the following information:

  • Creator or Artist (chances are you are not going to have a name for most of your images)
  • Title (in italics) and date of artifact (in brackets)
  • Medium (e.g., photograph, sculpture or oil painting)
  • Date of photograph (use © for copyright date)
  • Repository information (e.g., name of museum or library)
  • URL (website address)
  • Date accessed

 Example for a bibliography formatted in Chicago Style. Image found on the Theoi website:

Talos Painter. Zeus, Hera & Athene. (400 B.C.). Attic Red Figure. Museo Nazionale di Villa Giulia,
        Rome, Ital. From The The Theoi Galleries, (accessed January 30, 2014).
   Example from ARTstor
Cylinder seal and modern impression: three "pigtailed" ladies with double-handled vessels (Jemdet Nasr style [c.           3300-3100 BC], rock crystal. The Metropolitan Museum of Art (1985.143). Photo © The Metropolitan Museum of          Art (, accessed August 27, 2013).

Here are some recommended websites with information on citing images

Citing Images using MLA Style - from Collin College

University of Melbourne Library

Library of Congress (Citing Primary Sources - Chicago)

You can also use the Writing and Learning Services guides to citing soures: MLA Documentation and Chicago Documentation Style


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