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The Writing Centre


The Writing Process

Writing is a process, and many students struggle to know where to start. The following resources can help you understand how to move forward during different stages of the writing process. This doesn't mean all steps must be followed chronologically, though! If you're like most writers, you'll find that you might need to backtrack and go back to do some more research after you've already started writing your first draft, or you may need to go back to rework your outline once you start revising your paper. Writing is fluid! 

In addition to the following resources, you can also view our streaming video channel here


Interactive Tutorial

The Writing Process


Quick Guide Handouts

Understanding Assignment Guidelines

Gathering Evidence



Developing an Outline





Parts of an Essay

These resources help you better understand each part of the essay and the function it serves in your paper. 


Interactive Tutorial 

Anatomy of a Paper 


Quick Guide Handouts


Thesis Statements

Complex Thesis Statements

Topic Sentences

Paragraph Structure 




Essay Types and Structures

Your instructor may have provided additional instructions in class, but the following are some general resources to help you get acquainted with some common essay types. 


Quick Guide Handouts

Deductive Essay Structure (Most Common!)

Inductive Essay Structure


Annotated Bibliographies

Literature Reviews

Compare/Contrast Essays

Research Essays

Rhetorical Analyses

Inclusivity in Academic Writing

Pronouns in Academic Writing 

Declaring Pronouns

Let's Talk About Gender and Pronouns (created by MacEwan's Centre for Sexual and Gender Diversity)

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