If you cite information in the text of your paper, you also need to include a more detailed reference entry for that work in a reference list at the end of your paper.
General rules are demonstrated below.
References should be arranged alphabetically by author last name for each entry. List authors in each entry in the order that they appear in the work. Use initials for any first and middle names.
Two to seven authors, list them all:
Eight or more authors, only list the first six, . . . and the last author listed:
Multiple works by the same author, assign an a, b, c, and so on to works published in the same year:
For sources with no author, use the corporate author (i.e., an organization, government, or agency serving as author):
For sources with no author or corporate author, start the citation with the title:
Include the year of publication in brackets following author information:
For websites, newspapers, or magazines, include (year, month, day), if provided:
If no date is given, include (n.d.) in place of a date:
Only capitalize the first word of titles, the first word of any sub-titles, and any proper nouns:
Describe the format in square brackets following the title only if the source you are citing is something out of the ordinary, e.g. [Blog post] [Infographic] [Facebook status update] [Tweet] [Video file]
Include a digital object identifier (DOI) if provided.
NOTE: Including the DOI in the form of a link (i.e., http://doi.org/10.12968/bjcn.2015.20.3.146) is acceptable, however, do not include ezproxy.macewan.ca should it appear in that link (i.e., https://doi.org.ezproxy.macewan.ca/10. ...).
DOIs are commonly noted on the first page of journal articles, and in the front matter of eBooks:
For subscription content (e.g., from a library database) without a DOI include "Retrieved from" and a link to the publisher's homepage with the hyperlink removed:
If freely available online without a DOI, include "Retrieved from" and a link to the source with the hyperlink removed. (Pro tip: If you are worried about a link changing over time, try creating a permanent link using the Internet Archive's Save Page Now tool.)
For physical sources, include the place of publication (city and province/state abbreviation) and publisher. If multiple places are listed, only include the first one:
If the physical source was published outside of North America, include the city and country:
If a physical source's author and publisher are the same, include "Author" in place of the publisher to avoid duplication: