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Writing and Learning Services: APA Guide

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Journal Articles

General Rules

  • Authors are listed by their last name, followed by the inital of their first name and, if given, the initial of their middle name.
      • e.g. Johanson, W. C., & Anderson, M. 
  • Always write authors' names in the same order in which they are listed on the source. 
  • Use an ampersand (&) before the last author's name if there are multiple authors.
  • If there is no author, begin the entry with the article's title. 
  • Write the most recent publication year available. 
  • Write the month or season of publication ONLY IF you are missing either the volume number or issue number. 
  • Write the article title in plain font. Capitalize only the first word of the title, the first word of the subtitle, and any proper nouns in the title or subtitle.
  • Write the journal name in italics. Capitalize all main words. 
  • Include a volume number and an issue number. The volume number should be in italics; the issue number should be in parentheses.
  • Write the page numbers of the article. 
  • Provide a DOI number, if available. 
    • If a DOI number is not available, first use http://www.crossref.org/guestquery to see if one has been assigned to the article. If so, copy and paste the DOI. If not, see the next bullet.
    • If no DOI exists, provide the URL for the home page of the journal. (NOTE: Do not provide the direct link to the article. You will have to use a search engine such as Google or the Library's detailed record of the source to locate the journal's home page.)
      • If using the journal's home page as your retrieval information, remove the hyperlink

See our Reference Entries: General Rules section for more information about how to reference authors, dates, titles, and publication or retrieval information. 

  


Journal Article With a DOI Number

Basic Template


Author, A. (date). Article title: Article subtitle. Journal Name, volume(issue), pages. doi:

digital object identifier number. 

Example


Landsbury, J. K. (2007). Community efforts proven to increase empathy for the

homeless. Community Network Journal, 13(3), 233-254. doi:10.198/005-

9852.45.3.447

  


Journal Article Without a DOI Number

Basic Template


Author, A. (date). Article title: Article subtitle. Journal Name, volume(issue), pages.

Retrieved from www.home-page-of-journal.org

Example


Hall, K., & Miller, D. (2009). Citation software: Use with caution. Journal of

Technology Research, 17(2), 344-356. Retrieved from http://www.jtr.org

  


Journal Article in Print (Obtained from a Physical Copy of the Journal Itself, Not Online or from a Database)

Basic Template


Author, A. (date). Article title: Article subtitle. Journal Name, volume(issue), pages.

Example


Frederickson, W. P., Bouchard, F. G., Volpel, M. E., & Sanderson, H. H. (1999).

Energy and freedom: Making choices in response to global public reform. 

Austrian Journal of Public Policy, 58(4), 22-36. 

 

Magazine or Newspaper Article

General Rules

  • Authors are listed by their last name, followed by the inital of their first name and, if given, the initial of their middle name.
    • e.g. Johanson, W. C., & Anderson, M. 
  • Always write authors' names in the same order in which they are listed on the source. 
  • Use an ampersand (&) before the last author's name if there are multiple authors.
  • If there is no author, begin the entry with the article's title. 
  • Write the most recent publication date available; include a year, month and day, if available. 
  • Write the article title in plain font. Capitalize only the first word of the title, the first word of the subtitle, and any proper nouns in the title or subtitle.
  • Write the magazine or newspaper name in italics. Capitalize all main words. 
  • If using an electronic version, provide the URL of the home page of the newspaper or magazine. (NOTE: Do not provide the direct link to the article. You will have to use a search engine such as Google or the Library's detailed record of the source to locate the newspaper or magazine's home page.)
  • If using the newspaper or magazine's home page as your retrieval information, remove the hyperlink. 

See our Reference Entries: General Rules section for more information about how to reference authors, dates, titles, and publication or retrieval information. 

   


Newspaper or Magazine Article with Author Identified (Electronic Version)

 

Basic Template


Author, A. (date). Article title: Article subtitle. Name of Newspaper or Magazine. Retrieved

from www.newspaper-or-magazine-home-page.ca

Example


Hampton, S. (2008, February 28). The Bluenose sails again. Halifax Herald. Retrieved

from http://www.halifaxherald.com

  


Newspaper or Magazine Article with Author Not Identified (Electronic Version)

 

Basic Template


Article title. (date). Title of Newspaper or Magazine. Retrieved from www.newspaper-or-

magazine-home-page.ca

Example

Alberta to restrict building on floodways in new law. (2013, September 24). CBC News.

Retrieved from www.cbc.ca

 


Newspaper or Magazine Article with Author Identified (Print Version)

 

Basic Template


Author, A. (date). Article title: Article subtitle. Name of Newspaper or Magazine, page(s). 

Example


Armstrong, C. (2012, October 25). Edmonton schools get a new facelift. Public Education

News, p. 4. 

  


Newspaper or Magazine Article with Author Not Identified (Print Version)

 

Basic Template

Article title. (date). Title of Newspaper or Magazine, page(s). 

  

Example

Prescription pill abuse on the rise among teens. (2008, April 18). The Chicago Daily,

pp. A1-A2. 

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